The Vault

oneTRANSPORT - A New Economic Paradigm for Transport
Data Sheet / May 2015 / M2M, IoT, oneM2M, oneTRANSPORT

Transport and local authorities are being encouraged to achieve more from their networks and make them ‘smarter’ to deliver reduced congestion and modal shift, but is this possible in the prevailing economic climate? Review of the oneTRANSPORT concept, which has emerged from Innovate UK’s Integrated Transport initiative suggests the answer is a resounding ‘yes’. Learn more about oneTRANSPORT in this brief for transport network managers, operators and local authorities.

1 oneTRANSPORT A new economic paradigm for transport: Using transport and city data to enable modal shift and open new markets A Brief for Transport Network Managers, Operators and Local Authorities Transport and local authorities are being encouraged to achieve more from their networks and make them ?smarter? to deliver reduced congestion and modal shift, but is this possible in the prevailing economic climate? Review of the oneTRANSPORT concept, which has emerged from Innovate UK?s Integrated Transport initiative suggests the answer is a resounding ?yes?. A fairer open market place to access transport data and transport analytics Lower cost entry model for transport authorities to access creative travel services The new economics of smarter transport oneTRANSPORT is an open, standardised, marketplace solution that can enable a transport industry revolution like that experienced by the telecoms industry over the past two decades. It represents a scalable, exportable marketplace for transport data, enabling SMEs, incumbent suppliers and new players to engage in delivering enhanced services, facilitating new business models, service innovation and new investment into the transport marketplace. oneTRANSPORT enables multimodal transport information to be published by data owners (e.g. transport authorities and new third parties) and accessed nationally by transport authorities, application developers and others. This allows delivery of a superior travel experience as well as generation of new revenues, in-journey travel optimisation and added value services that the real system ?user? - the traveller - desires and finds beneficial. It represents the next stage in industry evolution enabled by the opening up of currently closed data assets. What is oneTRANSPORT? The approach reflects the trend of transport authorities migrating capabilities to the cloud. Government policy on Open Data is making this future vision possible. Embracing this approach will enable the industry to set its own future direction of travel; inaction will result in that data being used by others. Managing the process will see Google and Apple as customers; the alternative will see the ITS industry as a ?hostage to fortune?, with the monetary benefits going overseas. oneTRANSPORT is not a ?UTMC? replacement; it is not a proprietary solution; it is not a geographical region-specific solution. By operating at the Service Enablement level, it uses existing and new data assets to create competitive markets in applications, analytics and service provision (Data-as-a-Service and Platform-as-a- Service), offering a route to market growth for existing suppliers of ITS management solutions, of sensors and of software. 2000 2005 2010 2015+ SatNAV GPS Static data Open data initiatives MEMS data PhoneNAV Basic apps Timetables City guides Waze (Sold: $18m)Google Citymapper Traveline NaPTAN Placr ODI Blended real-time apps Crowd sourced apps - Highway data - Events - Incidents - Accidents - Vehicle tracking - Restrictions - Road weather - Traffic flow - Car park - Traffic signals - Traffic links - Trans. routes - Signage info - Road works Next generation (oneTRANSPORT) applications) Evolution of User Transport Data Assets E vo lu tio n of U se r Tr an sp or t A pp lic at io ns Over 30 unique assets identified Opening the last closed data.. Next generation transport data D at a: In te rD ig ita l 3 4 IoE roadmap. M2M - IoE evolution Today?s world urgently needs improved transport solutions, to reduce CO2 emissions and congestion and to deliver a better transport experience to users. This is widely recognised as a global market opportunity, yet today the ITS industry is stalled in a similar situation to that which existed in the telecoms market of the early 1990s, with multiple national systems and proprietary technology offerings impeding the delivery of integrated services The result today is that users travelling across this disconnected scenario see a variable experience, Application Developers see sub-critical markets, Transport Authorities see a confusing mele? of expensive non-standard ITS products and Equipment Manufacturers and Software Providers see highly fragmented, and hence small, markets. By fulfilling latent User needs ? as digital mobile phones did for telecoms, oneTRANSPORT promises to unlock new investment into the ITS industry, create economies of scale, new markets and new business models. An underpinning principle is that the customer base (the end user) is in the millions, rather than the transport authority customer base in the hundreds. oneTRANSPORT can be envisaged as the ?transport? component that provides improved mobility within the ?smart cities? agenda, based upon standardised technology fully compatible with ?smart city? solutions of the future. Why is oneTRANSPORT needed? Yesterday Today Tomorrow Devices Connectivity Devices Connectivity Management services Devices Connectivity Management services Service/App Enablement Where the transport industry is stalled today Managed data D at a: In te rD ig ita l ? J am es P re st ag e / A ru p 5 oneTRANSPORT began as a feasibility study undertaken by a consortium spanning the Transport (Arup, WorldSensing, Traak) and Telecom Industries (InterDigital Europe) and a Local Transport Authority (Buckinghamshire County Council). It was conceived in response to the ?Integrated Transport? initiative launched by Innovate UK (the Technology Strategy Board). A detailed study explored the integrated transport challenge from an Internet-of-Things (IoT) perspective, recognising that the new oneM2M standard has been designed exactly for this purpose ? not just for transport, but also with applicability to energy, health and smart cities. oneM2M began its life in ETSI, the European Telecoms Standards Institute, in 2010 with the goal of providing a service enablement solution for machine-to-machine, M2M, communications. It grew beyond simply wireless communications, and in 2012 ETSI?s counterparts in America and Asia ? the same players who created 3GPP (which standardised 3G and 4G mobile) - joined with ETSI to take the standard global. August 2014 saw its first formal publication. As with other such standards, many major telecom and IT companies are developing products to the standard. Origins of oneTRANSPORT Standardisation and commercialisation of oneM2M and related technology oneM2M devices oneM2M gateway oneM2M server Healthcare Standard APIs, Access, Management Features Vehicular Energy Connected home Cellular, WLAN, WPAN (Zigbee, 6LoWPAN, Bluetooth), Wireline Enables cellular & non-cellular M2M devices to communicate through operator networks Service Provider s M2M Service Platform, offering Service Capabilities to Diverse M2M Verticals (Device/Data Access, Device Management, Security, Billing, Service Discovery etc.) Cellular care network IP network A framework that ensures transport and travel services are integral with the ?smart cities? agenda D at a: In te rD ig ita l 6 Significant effort was expended in the Feasibility Study on modelling the new money flows enabled by the oneTRANSPORT architecture; this work has indicated a 2-3 year payback on investment, in additional to the operational benefits and future-proofing of services. More detailed information is being prepared on individual money flows across the value chain, reflecting evolution options for the range of various starting points that currently exist in different UK counties. More significant are the indirect benefits that were identified within the Feasibility Study. These have been explored within the framework of current recognised frameworks to enable comparison with the costs of alternate means to deliver such savings. Business Model Options Making oneTRANSPORT a Commercial Reality Financial analysis of the oneTRANSPORT solution formed a major aspect of the feasibility study. Modelling of the anticipated field trial has been complemented by consideration of the commercialisation stages, to address both the national and global transport market opportunity. Five phase path to full Commercial Realisation comprises: 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 January-May Pre-commercial demonstrator 2015-16 Four County and Highways Agency trial 2019-2026 Global Adoption 2014 Feasibility Study [Completed] 2014 - Clear, credible, business benefits validation 2015 - Demonstrating functional viability, funded at their own cost by the original study participants. 2015-2016 - Deployment of a substantial In-Field Trial, to demonstrate geographic interoperability, financial viability and operational benefits. This phase will prove the benefits and the business model to the trial participants and to non-participants, paving the way for wider UK take-up. 2016-2010 - Driven by low investment and cash-neutral/generative. Other interested authorities will be invited to participate as trial observers in a ?oneTRANSPORT Operators Forum? using the trial, so they have the opportunity to learn from the trial and join as early adopters towards the end or soon after the In-Field Trial. 2019-2026 - Leveraging global oneM2M and industry bodies relationships. The oneM2M standards bodies and companies will us the UK Transport Trial as a real-world vehicle to show the potential of oneM2M in other countries and continents; already Arup sees its potential for use in conjunction with major world events in specific cities overseas. We plan to work with UK Trade and Investment, starting during the In-Field Trial phase, to promote internationally at the Mobile World Congress and elsewhere, with a view to showcasing the trial for overseas Government transport authorities. 2016-2020 National Adoption 2-3 year payback on investment Cost recovery model to achieve sustainable developments 7 A win-win-win solution across the full ITS ecosystem has been the goal of oneTRANSPORT. The beneficiaries and key benefits to existing and new ecosystem players are summarised below. Beneficiaries, Benefits and Technology Beneficiary Benefits The User ? traveller - Simpler, easier travel - timely, personalised, contextualised guidance ? with much greater, market-based, choice - Advanced, new travel apps, developed and delivered by the market ?Like TfL, but affordable by authorities that don?t have TfL-like budgets? Transport Authorities - Standards based compatibility, greater interoperability - Business Model that breaks even in 2-3 years for an average authority, thereafter delivering ongoing & increasing benefits - ?Publish Once, License to Many? approach for premium data ? overcoming the lack of authority staff experienced with data licensing - Economies of Scale will drive reduced costs over time Industry Players - Stimulation of ITS Markets worldwide, due to global standards, resulting in significant growth of the ITS market and industry - New Business Model Opportunities, attracting further ITS investment - New Partnership Opportunities, by virtue of larger and new markets - New Market for Data Platform Operators (cf the emergence of multiple national mobile phone operators) Developers, SMEs and creative entrepreneurs - Larger markets for transport applications (national & beyond) e.g. parking, journey prediction, apps not restricted to a single city - New, easily accessible, national market for Data Analytics Providers Society - Ability to measure, and to drive, modal shifts in transport, meaning reduced congestion, greener transport, healthier environment - Extensibility to support other aspects of Smart Cities The Economy - Economic benefits to the economy due to reduced transport delays - Export potential for equipment, software, applications & skills - Attraction of Inward Investment - First mover advantage in a emerging massive global market (cf digital mobile phones ? huge latent demand, global standard) Technology Characteristic Description Open and extensible architecture Based upon global standards (oneM2M, MQTT, XML), thereby facilitating a global, interoperable, marketplace, a major stimulus to growth Open, globally standardised, interface for new transport sensors Enables support for and use of data from future IoT sensors that will be deployed outside of transport (future proofing) and will encourage interface standardisation (lower costs) amongst transport sensor and system suppliers. Evolutionary - with support for legacy systems Rather than being a ?clean slate? solution, the approach interfaces with diverse legacy systems, enabling support for counties (and countries) with and without UTMC installations. This allows authorities to adopt at their own pace, when able & ready, allowing budget-constrained authorities to also participate Cloud-based implementation Reflects Transport Authority trends to migrate their transport management services to the cloud Independent 3rd party provision of new transport services Opening of data and its availability across today?s local boundaries will change the scale economies, hence viability, of new transport applications (app purchase, advertising and other models) Measuring modal shift Measuring the impact of transport interventions is recognised as ?hard? ? changes before/after can have many causes. The oneTRANSPORT approach allows direct quantification of intervention effectiveness New market for transport authority data Delivers new revenue streams into the transport ecosystem - so that local transport authorities find it (at minimum) cash neutral and hence rapidly adopt it. This will encourage transport authorities to open up their transport data by creating new markets for them. Government open data policy compatible Transport Authorities are increasingly required to adopt an Open Data approach ? oneTRANSPORT is complementary and supports this, and will allow the UK transport industry to direct its own destiny. Scalability and futureproofed Scalable to national adoption and futureproofed for the Internet of Things. Providing a global market place for a wide range of travel services Further Information Collaborating organisations More detailed technical and commercial information is available under non-disclosure terms. Please contact: Alan Carlton Alan.Carlton@InterDigital.com Tim Gammons Tim.Gammons@Arup.com Front cover images: Top right ? Thomas Graham Bottom right ? Giles Rocholl