The Vault

3GPP Standards Evolution Roadmap
Presentation / Feb 2014 / 3GPP, LTE, Small Cell, MIMO

Discover technologies to evolve mobile broadband networks and performance in the 3GPP Standards Evolution Roadmap IWPC workshop presentation.

1 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. IWPC Workshop: Technologies to Evolve Mobile Broadband Networks and Performance 3GPP STANDARDS EVOLUTION ROADMAP 2 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Outline About InterDigital 3GPP Standardization Timeline LTE Overview • Evolution from R8 to R11 • LTE Release 12+ Overview •Description of R12+ Building Blocks HSPA+ Overview • Evolution from R7 to R11 •HSPA Release 12+ Overview Beyond 3GPP R12 3 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. InterDigital Snapshot – Invention, Collaboration, Contribution InterDigital develops fundamental wireless technologies that are at the heart of mobile devices, networks, & services worldwide. Vision As a long time contributor to the wireless industry, we have solved many of the most critical mobile challenges for 30+ years Our technology is used in all 2G, 3G and LTE devices providing support for new mobile broadband & richer multimedia experience We offer our technologies to the market in IP blocks and full product solutions and have been key in high profile OEM offerings Technology Standards Solutions Four decades of discovery and innovation in wireless communications 4 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. 3GPP Standardization Timeline 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Release 8 Release 9 Release 10 Release 11 Release 12 LTE is fastest developing mobile technology* •443 operators investing in LTE (deployments and trials) •200 LTE networks commercially launched •1800 MHz (band 3) is dominant (43% of networks) Operators continuing to invest in HSPA+* •315 HSPA+ networks in 137 countries. •Continued deployment of 42 Mbps DC- HSDPA throughout 2013 (134 networks launched) *Based on Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA) Mobile Broadband Report – July 2013 5 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. • OFDM Waveform (up to 20 MHz) • 4x4 MIMO in DL • New protocol and Network Architecture • All IP Network LTE Release 8 • Home eNB Mobility • Enhanced Beamforming • Self-Organizing Networks (SON) LTE Release 9 • Expansion to 100 MHz (Carrier Aggregation) • MIMO Enhancements (8X8 DL, 4x4 UL) • Relays • Interference Management LTE Release 10 • Carrier Aggregation Enhancements • Cooperative Multipoint (CoMP) • Control Channel Enhancements (E-PDCCH) • In-Device Coexistence and Interference Avoidance LTE Release 11 LTE: Evolution from R8 to R11 Up to 3Gbps DL and 1.5Gbps UL in 100 MHz 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 R8 R9 R10 R11 P ea k D at a R at e (M b p s) Downlink Uplink 300 Mbps in 20 MHz 3 Gbps in 100 MHz 1.5 Gbps in 100 MHz 75 Mbps in 20 MHz LTE (3.9G) LTE-Advanced (4G) 6 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. 2 GHz 3.5 GHz WiFi LTE Release 12+ Overview LTE R12+ Building Blocks Additional LTE R12+ Features Introduction of 2D Antenna Arrays to enable 3D MIMO Network-Assisted Interference Cancellation Dynamic TDD Traffic Adaptation  Joint FDD-TDD Operation Coverage Enhancements New Carrier Design M2M Enhancements focusing on device power consumption, small data transfers and support for low-cost devices Small cell enhancements, including dual-connectivity to small cell and macro layers D2D: Device Discovery and Direct Communication for commercial and/or public safety WLAN interworking and integration to enable WiFi Offloading 7 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. 3D MIMO UE-Specific Vertical Beam Enhancing system performance with antennas having two-dimensional array structures  Adaptive control over both the elevation the azimuth dimensions 2~3 dB Increase in WSINR LTE Baseline 5~8 dB Increase in WSINR Greater System-Level Gains Expected from Spatial Reuse • 3GPP Release 12+ 3D MIMO • UE-specific vertical beamforming • Seen as multiple antennas by UE • Tailored vertical beam can be used for each UE based on UE feedback • CSI feedback from UE for vertical antennas is needed (preferred vertical beam) Active Vertical Beam Fixed Vertical Beam • 3GPP Releases 11-12 •Active antennas (adaptive downtilt) • Single antenna from UE point-of- view •Vertical beam gain can be maximized for specific location(s) within a cell (vertical sectors), but not for a UE • 3GPP Releases 8-9-10 • Passive antennas (fixed downtilt) • Single antenna from UE point-of- view • Vertical beam gain can only be maximized for a fixed location within a cell 8 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Small Cell Enhancements Coping with increasing traffic demands and exploiting higher frequencies using LTE small cells 3.5 GHz 2 GHz 40% increase in mean user throughput with Dual Connectivity Potential R12+ Building Blocks •Dual Cell Connectivity Multiple layers of radio coverage to improve connectivity and throughput •Small Cell Detection Enhancements •Spectrum Efficiency Enhancement Techniques(e.g. 256QAM) • Interference Avoidance and Coordination R12+ Deployment Scenarios •Small cells deployed in clusters of 4 to10 cells with 1 to 2 clusters per Macro cell •Small cell range ~ 50m • Indoor and outdoor •Non-ideal backhaul between macro and small cell clusters 9 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Direct Device Discovery and Communication New 3GPP LTE Functionality Within Network Coverage Outside Network Coverage Device Discovery Identifies that a UE is in proximity of another using LTE Commercial PS PS Only Device Communication Communication path established between multiple UEs in proximity PS (higher priority) Commercial PS Only New services provided by 3GPP LTE based on UEs being in proximity of each other Use Cases Public Safety Public Safety Commercial •Multiple Public Safety bodies have committed to LTE for future PS services (e.g. TCCA,NPTSC) •Benefit from scale of 3GPP market •Proximity-based applications and services are an emerging social- technological trend 10 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Potential R12+ Building Blocks WiFi Offloading • Integration of WLAN within 3GPP Radio Resource Management to enable 3GPP operator control for WLAN interworking •Enhancements to access network mobility and selection considering radio link quality per UE, backhaul quality, load, etc. for both cellular and WLAN accesses Efficient bi-directional load balancing between 3GPP LTE and WLAN WLAN 3GPP Efficient resource utilization of operator-controlled WLAN deployments and improved user experience •Offload UEs to under-utilized WLAN networks •Maintain/offload UEs on/to 3GPP network when WLAN networks are overloaded •Optimize WLAN network scanning to avoid UE battery draining 11 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Machine Type Communications Enhancements Positioning LTE as an efficient and cost effective technology for service to MTC UEs Low-Cost UE for MTC Operation Small Data & Device Triggering Enhancements UE Power Consumption Optimizations • Single Rx Antenna •Reduced downlink channel bandwidth for data channel • Coverage improvement for delay tolerant MTC UEs (up to 15 dB) • Signaling/connection management optimizations • Efficient handling of small data transfers • Enabling very low power consumption for infrequently transmitting/receiving devices 12 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. HSPA+: Evolution from R7 to R11 Up to 336 Mbps DL in 40 MHz and 34 Mbps UL in 10 MHz 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10 R11 P ea k D at a R at e (M b p s) Downlink Uplink HSPA (3.5G) HSPA+ (3.75G) 14 Mbps DL 5.7 Mbps UL in 5 MHz 168 Mbps in 20 MHz 42 Mbps in 10 MHz 22 Mbps in 10 MHz 336 Mbps in 20 or 40 MHz 34 Mbps in 5 MHz 84 Mbps in 10 MHz • 2x2 MIMO in DL • 64QAM in DL and 16 QAM in UL • Continuous Packet Connectivity (DTX, DRX) • HS-DSCH in CELL_FACH HSPA+ Release 7 • Expansion to 10 MHz in DL (DC-HSDPA) • E-DCH and DRX in CELL_FACH HSPA+ R8 • Expansion to 10 MHz in UL (DC-HSUPA) • Support for MIMO in 10 MHz DL • Home Node B Mobility HSPA+ R9 • Expansion to 20 MHz in DL (4C-HSDPA) HSPA+ R10 • 4x4 MIMO in DL • Expansion to 40 MHz in DL (8C-HSDPA) • Multipoint HSDPA • 2x2 MIMO and 64 QAM in UL HSPA+ Release 11 13 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. HSPA Release 12+ Overview •Enabling deployment of small cells for HSPA through interference coordination between co- channel macro and small cells as well as mobility enhancements HSPA Heterogeneous Networks •Enabling support for scalable bandwidths in scenarios where available contiguous spectrum is less than 5 MHz (e.g. re-farming of GSM spectrum) Scalable UMTS FDD Bandwidth • Improvements to uplink capacity, coverage and end user performance (e.g. new carrier design, rate adaptation, UL load balancing, coverage enhancements, UL data compression...) HSUPA Enhancements • Increasing voice capacity through efficiency enhancements for DCH (e.g. pilot channel design, frame structure and power control improvements) DCH Enhancements • Joint HSPA/LTE enhancements to enable WLAN-3GPP interworking (see previous slides) WLAN/3G Radio Interworking • Joint HSPA/LTE enhancements to enable Machine-Type Communication (see previous slides) Machine-Type Communications 14 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Potential Enabling Technologies What Can We Expect Beyond 3GPP Release 12? Requirements for 3GPP Evolution Market Drivers Explosion of Mobile Data Traffic Enhanced Quality of Experience New Revenue Streams for 3GPP Operators Reduced 3GPP Network Costs •Higher System Capacity • Improved Spectral Efficiency •More bandwidth • Low latency • Seamless mobility across layers/RATs •High end user throughput •New services to traditional end users •New Services to new customers (e.g. service providers) and new markets • Ease of deployment and management • Low energy consumption • Exploiting New spectrum (e.g. Spectrum Sharing, mmWave) • PHY enhancements (e.g. Massive MIMO, Full-Duplex Radio, non- orthogonal access) •Always-On Connectivity •Multi-Layer access and/or multi- RAT integration •RAN as a service • Local Data Services •More MTC (e.g. Vehicular/ Intelligent Transport Systems) •RAN and Network Virtualization, cloud RAN • SON for dense cell deployments 15 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Thank You! Christopher Cave Director, Innovation Labs InterDigital Communications Montreal , QC, Canada +1 514.904.6264 Christopher.Cave@InterDigital.com 19 September