The Vault

The Next-Generation Internet of Things
Presentation / Jun 2014 / IoT, M2M, standards

InterDigital's presentation for the 2014 Geoweb Summit, "The Next-Generation Internet of Things: The Role of Horizontal, Standards-Based Platforms in the IoT."

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1 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. THE NEXT-GENERATION INTERNET OF THINGS The Role of Horizontal, Standards-Based Platforms in the IoT invention | collaboration | contribution May 22, 2014 2 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Scaling the Network to Support Trillions of Connected Devices • Orders-of-Magnitude increase in traffic load – Trillions of Connected “Things” • Identification, reachability and addressing challenges - Need for flexible addressing schemes managing large numbers of devices - Scalable registration, discovery and tracking schemes • Scalable platforms and networks essential to support scaling to this magnitude Source: IHS, 2013 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 0 0 Connected Devices (M) World Markey for Internet Connected Devices – Installed Base & New Shipments Military & Aerospace Medical Industrial Consumer Computers Communications, Mobile Communications, Fixed Automotive New Internet Connected Devices 3 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Device Diversity - Not All Devices Are Created Equal! • Constrained devices with low footprint: limitations in size, processing horsepower, memory, storage, bandwidth • Devices with long lifetimes • Unmanned devices => plug-n-play installation, self-organization, device management requirements, security threats • Unwired, un-chargeable devices => very low power consumption often a critical requirement • Mobility requirements ranging from fixed -> pedestrian -> vehicular • Standardization essential for scale and interoperability STANDARDIZATION WILL BE KEY 4 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Today’s M2M: A Fragmented Ecosystem of Siloed, Proprietary, Vertical Solutions Devices Transport Network Devices Devices Transport Network Transport Network Application A Application B Application C Local Network Local Network Local Network • Bespoke specific solutions with limited reuse across applications or verticals • Long application development times, limited application development ecosystem • Lack of standardization - a closed ecosystem of high cost products & applications • Proprietary products – vertical-specific, vendor- specific solutions, lack of interoperability and of real competition • Impedes interoperability and scaling to mass market, and delays the introduction of new capabilities 5 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Enabling RICH ECOSYSTEM OF APPLICATIONS Reaching Any Device Via Any Network Interoperability between Diverse Applications, Networks and Devices Devices Devices Devices • DIVERSE Device Types • MULTI-PURPOSE Devices CONNECTIVITY LAYER – Enabling Connectivity via Any Access Network WEB SERVICE LAYER – Provides common Service Capabilities leveraged by a multitude of applications Tomorrow’s IoT - Breaking Through The Silos, Enabling Scale & New Services via Horizontal Platforms InterDigital’s SERVICE PLATFORM – the GLUE! Local Network Local Network Local Network SERVICE CAPABILITIES LAYER CONNECTIVITY/ GATEWAY LAYER Internet 6 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. IOT Experience Provider Enabled Devices, Modules Developer Service Platform Provider Network Provider (Cellular, WiFi, etc.) ERP/CRM Providers System Integrators (Reserved Now For More Specialist Applications) Enabling a Rich Applications Ecoscape – “App Store” Model Enabling Technologies Carriers, Cloud Providers “Horizontal”, OTT, Network-Agnostic PaaS Solutions; Fragmented Today, but Likely Consolidating in Future to Support Rich Ecosystem of Applications Ev ol ve d Se t O f A pp lic at io ns E na bl ed B y N ew E co sy st em s $$ Many Time Buys $$ IOT Application/Service Discovery & Purchase (Recurring) $$ Connectivity Subscription U se r E xp er ie nc e (E nd U se r o r E nt er pr ise ) $$ Pay for Discovery 7 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Supporting A Lifecycle of Functions Interconnecting Applications and Things • IoT will be part of the Living Network - Interconnecting Things and Services seamlessly - Zero-touch, plug-n-play - Connecting a vast diversity of device types and applications • Constantly changing topology – new services, devices, users plug in seamlessly - Self-organizing, self-healing • Information being updated real- time, new content floods the network constantly - Aggregate/ analyze/ abstract/ store info - Contextualize and act upon info, control SENSE MANAGE/ CONTROL DISCOVER JOIN/ CONNECT COMMUNICATE ABSTRACT/ PROCESS EVENTS AGGREGATE/ ANALYZE SEARCH INTERNET Access Network Access Network 8 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. The IoT’s All Going to be About Data! • Explosion of IoT-generated data will increase information on the Web by an order of magnitude • IoT becomes a platform for data trading – hence, free flow of information through the network will be key • Sharing of data across verticals and applications will be the norm • Data security, privacy and ownership issues will become ever more significant DATA STORAGE DATA COLLECTION/ PUBLISHING DATA ANALYTICS DATA DISCOVERY SEARCH DATA CONSUMPTION OWNERSHIP/ RIGHTS PROTECTION DATA BROKERING Publish Consume Process 9 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. InterDigital’s IoT Service Platform: Standards-Aligned, Scalable, Interoperable Standardized APIs to Diverse Verticals Healthcare Vehicular Energy Connected Home IP Network Cellular Care Network Standard APIs, Access, Security &Device Management Features Cellular, WLAN, WPAN (Zigbee, 6LoWPAN, Bluetooth), Wireline M2M Devices Enables cellular & non-cellular M2M devices to communicate through operator networks M2M Gateway Service Provider’s M2M Service Platform, offering Service Capabilities to Diverse M2M Verticals (Device/Data Access, Device Management, Security, Billing, Service Discovery etc.) M2M Server InterDigital is Actively Driving Standardization in oneM2M, ETSI, 3GPP, and IETF 10 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Scalable, Extensible Cloud Server Architecture to Enable Scale Applications (User & Enterprise) 3rd-Party Services Web Service APIs Social Network Adapters Connecti vity/ Provision ing Device/ Service Discovery Location Data Collection & Abstraction Security & Billing Device Manage ment Discovery Search/ Analytics Storage & Accounti ng Message Bus Cloud OS (OpenStack) + Virtualization Components Infrastructure as a Service (Private or Public Cloud) 11 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Enabling Mash-up Applications Fusing Data from Different Data Sources User Location Changes Energy Usage Threshold Alert Remote Appliance Config/ Test Home Appliance Control SMART HOME ENERGY MANAGEMENT APPLICATION Energy Usage, Billing Analytics DATA STORE SEMANTIC DATA MODEL DEVICE MANAGEMENT EVENTS, CONTEXT DATA ANALYTICS Io T PL AT FO RM Energy Company Smart Meters Weather Info from Weather Service Expected Weather Changes Device, Service Discovery DISCOVERY User Preferences, Rules Energy Consumption, Metering Energy Pricing Info User Location, Presence Home Appliance Status, Control Weather – Current, Forecasts 12 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. Enabling Diverse Applications to Leverage Data From a Pool of Devices GadgetDetective.iot MARKET RESEARCH/ SEARCH APP Smart Meters PowerAid.iot iStockIt.iot DataFetch.iot Data Collection Device Management Analytics Discovery/ Search Events Data Brokerage Io T PL AT FO RM GROCERY APP ENERGY MANAGEMENT APP APPLIANCE TEST/ TROUBLESHOOT/ UPGRADE APP Service Discovery Interactions between Diverse Home/Personal Devices and Applications – Traditionally Silo-ed in Different Verticals, but Now Fully Interconnected ZapMyCar.iot CAR CHARGING APP 13 © 2013 InterDigital, Inc. All rights reserved. IoT SERVICE PLATFORM The Best of Both Worlds – Our Platform Provides Standards Alignment and Value-Added Services Web Service APIs VALUE ADDED SERVICES APPLICATION ENABLEMENT PLATFORM Data Collection Data Adaptation, Aggregation Event Management Context Management Billing Analytics Device/Service Discovery Device Management Semantic Data Model Security Optimized Connectivity and Transport M2M Gateway Addressing & Identification Raw APIs, Web Service Interfaces Di sc ov er y Lo ca tio n Sm al l D at a An al yt ic s Bi g Da ta An al yt ic s Se ar ch Co m pl ex E ve nt M an ag em en t Standards-based features provide an anchor for interoperable communications between diverse devices and applications Value-added services build on standards framework, and provide out-of-the-box capabilities and APIs that applications developers can use The next-generation �internet of things Scaling the Network to Support �Trillions of Connected Devices Device Diversity - Not All Devices Are Created Equal! Today’s M2M: A Fragmented Ecosystem of Siloed, Proprietary, Vertical Solutions Tomorrow’s IoT - Breaking Through The Silos, �Enabling Scale & New Services via Horizontal Platforms Slide Number 6 Supporting A Lifecycle of Functions Interconnecting Applications and Things The IoT’s All Going to be About Data! InterDigital’s IoT Service Platform: �Standards-Aligned, Scalable, Interoperable Scalable, Extensible �Cloud Server Architecture �to Enable Scale Enabling Mash-up Applications Fusing �Data from Different Data Sources Enabling Diverse Applications to �Leverage Data From a Pool of Devices The Best of Both Worlds – Our Platform Provides Standards Alignment and Value-Added Services