The Vault

MWC16: 5G is Coming - Are You Ready?
Presentation / Mar 2016 / MWC16, 5G

Although 5G is not expected to make its commercial debut until at least 2020, most industry leading companies and experts, including InterDigital, have started to shape their vision of 5G. This Mobile World Congress 2016 presentation explores the race to 5G and InterDigital's vision - The Living Network.

? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. 5G ?is ?Coming ?? Are ?You ?Ready? 1 ? 2 Drivers ?& ?Requirements: ?the ?most ?diverse ?in ?any ?generation! ? Video, ?video ?and ?more ?video! ?8K ?Ultra ?High ? Definition ?will ?be ?available ?around ?2020 ?driving ? 2600x ?traffic ?of ?2010 Massive ?Machine ?Type ?Communications! 50 ?Billion+ ? things ?across ?a ?dozen ?industries, ? unsynchronized, ?all ?talking ?at ?the ?same ?time Ubiquitous ?support ?of ?Mission ?Critical ?Applications New ?levels ?of ?life ?interactive ?experiences ?shaping ? new ?wireless ?requirements Real ?time ?interaction ?with ?environments ?is ?crucial ? to ?engagement ?of ?human ?beings ?(Tactile ?Internet) ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. The ?internet ?of ?everything Very ?Low ?Latency ?Experience Enhanced ?Mobile ?Broadband Ultra ?Reliable ?Communications 4G purposed ?mainly ?for ?VIDEO? eMBB? The ?IoE ?? Ultra ? ?Reliable ?? Low ?Latency ?IMT-??2020 3 Drivers ?& ?Requirements: ?Nearing ?international ?consensus ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. LTE-??ALTE 50Mbps 150Mbps 500Mbps 1Gbps 16.32 30 upto20MHz upto100MHz ~10ms ~5ms Peak ?Data ?Rate: Spectral ?Efficiency: Carrier ?Bandwidth: Latency ?(RTT): <1millisecond latency (when ?needed) 10-??50Gbps ?peak ? data ?rates 90% ?Energy reduction ? per ? service 100-??500MHz ?Carrier ? Bandwidth Higher ?Density: Millions of ? connections ?per ? km2 Higher ?Traffic Volume: 1-??10 ?Tbps ?per ?km2 Rapid ?Service Creation ? (from ?days ?to ? minutes) Sustainable ?Total ? Cost ?of ?Owner ?for all ?players User ?Definable Security ?& ?Privacy *Key ?requirements ?harmonized ?& ?agreed ? in ?ITU-??R ?WP5D 4G purposed ?mainly ?for ?VIDEO? eMBB? The ?IoE ?? Ultra ? ?Reliable ?? Low ?Latency ?IMT-??2020 4 The ?Players: ?organized ?well ?across ?industry ?and ?academia 5G ?discussion ?is ?international ?and ?standardization ?activities ?will ?start ?next ?year! ?? Horizon ?2020 ?? 5GPPP ?Program ?(InterDigital Europe) ?? EU ?FP7 ?Program ?? METIS, ?5GNOW, ?MAMMOET, ?etc. ?? 5G ?Innovation ?Center ?(5GIC) ?? University ?of ?Surrey ?? Korean ?5G ?Forum ?Initiative, ?Korea ?(InterDigital Asia) ?? IMT-??2020 ?(5G) ?Promotion ?Group, ?China ?? ARIB ?2020 ?& ?Beyond ?Ad ?Hoc ?Group, ?Japan ?? Leading ?5G ?Universities: ?NYU, ?MIT, ?Berkeley, ?Stanford ?? Various ?NSF ?Projects: ?FIA ?Program, ?Xdensification ?? Intel ?Strategic ?Research ?Alliance, ?Qualcomm ?Institute ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. Asia Americas Europe International 5 5G ?Roadmap: ?with ?key ?international ?event ?drivers ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 Winter ?Olympics: ?Korea Summer ?Olympics: ?Japan FIFA ?World ?Cup: ?Qatar WRC-??15 InterDigital ?Vision ?2020, ?Creating ?The ?Living ?Network, ?5G? Rel ?12 Rel ?13 Rel ?14 Rel ?15 Rel ?16 WRC-??19 High ?Efficiency ?(HE) ?Wi-??Fi ?802.11ax ?Standard ?(<6GHz) 802.11ay ?Standard ?(mmWave) WiGig3.0 ? ? 5G ?Research, ?Prototyping, ?Trials ?(5GPPP, ?5G ?Forum, ?etc.) 5G ?PRODUCTS ?& ? DEPLOYMENT ?START! LTE ?Advanced ?Pro ?and ?NB-??IoT Standardization ?continues? 5G ?New ?Radio(s) ? Studies 5G ?Phase ?1 5G ?Phase ?2 Vision Requirements Proposals Evaluation Specification 5G? A ?Path ?Long ?Travelled ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved.7 5G ?-?? Services ?Subsystem ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved.8 8 Services: ?the ?evolution ?to ?the ?smarter, ?living ?network 5G ?will ?deliver ?next ?level ?of ?experience ?and ?enabling ?business ?models ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. Wave ?1 ?(Voice) Wave ?2 ?(Visual) 5G:The ?Living ?Network New ?services, ?new ? business ?models Glory ?days ? of ?GSM Integrated ? telephony ? applications IMS ? promises Walled ?garden ? worries! Rise ?of ?the ?OTT A ?new ? status ?quo Rise ?of ?the ? mobile ?internet The ?video ? experience The ?living ? experience What ?needs ?to ? happen ? New ?broad ?innovation ? (in ?4G ?& ?5G) ?in ?the ? area ?of ?networking ? technology ? to ?enable ? flexible ?models ? that ? may ?be ?equitably ? leveraged ?by ?both ? operators ?and ?OTT ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. What ?Over ?the ?Top ?Players ?want? ? Access ?to ?subscriber ?information ?including ?phone ?types, ?history, ?etc. ? Real ?time ?knowledge ?of ?network ?conditions ?& ?level ?of ?quality ?of ?service ? Ability ?to ?manage ?the ?quality ?of ?service ?on ?application, ?user ?basis ? ? Services: ?business ?models ?must ? and ?will ?change ?in ?5G What ?Mobile ?Operators ?want? ? Sell ? new ?services ?and ?key ?assets ?such ?as ?quality ?of ?service, ?status, ?etc. ? Monetize ?secure ?and ?scalable ? XaaS hosting ?services ?for ?OTT ?customers ? Grow ?their ?business? ?in ?a ?predictable ?& ?sustainable ?way ?enabling ?5G ?potential 5G ?may ?simply ?not ?happen ?unless ?a ??happy? ?consensus ? is ?reached ?here? 10 10 Services: ?the ?IoE ?is ?a ?new ?frontier ?but ?a ?very ?similar ?story ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. ? A ?wealth ?of ?rich ?data ?remains ?closed ?behind ?legacy ?and ?highly ?fragmented ?silos ?common ?today ? across ?most ?vertical ?industries ?(e.g. ?transport, ?energy) ? The ?opening ?of ?this ?data ?in ?an ?economical ?way ?will ? enable ?a ?leap ?in ?context ?awareness ?that ?will ? serve ?to ?drive ?the ?deep ?fabric ?of ?5G ?network ?operation Service/App. ? Enablement (1) ?Yesterday (2) ?Today (3) ?Tomorrow Where ?the ?many ?verticals ? are ?stalled ?today M2M ?? ?IoE ? Evolution Devices Connectivity Management ?Services Devices Connectivity Management ?Services Devices Connectivity Managed ? Data 5G-?? Network ?Subsystem ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved.12 Th e ? In te rn et ?P ro to co l ?? Ru bi co n? Network: ?and ?in ?the ?beginning ?there ?was ??virtualization? 5G ?will ?be ?about ?more ?of ?this ?(deeper ?virtualization, ?broader ?usage ?of ?SDN) First ?wave ?of ?virtualization and ?the ?second the ?third ?& ?not ? last NFV ?: ?Separate ? SERVICE ?logic ? from ?HW ?Platform SDN: ?Separate ? CONTROL ? and ?DATA ? planes ? Emergence ?of ?NFV ?and ? SDN ?Technology NFV=Network ?Function ? Virtualization, ? SDN=Software ?Defined ?Networking ? Circuit ? Switching all ? IP Break ?up ?of ?Bell ? system ?in ?USA 1982 Mid ?80?s Mid ?90?s+ Mid/Late ?00?s+ Emergence ?of ? Intelligent ?Networking ? (SS#7/AIN) STEP1 ?: ?Separate ?SERVICE ? logic ?from ?switching ? Infrastructure ?giving ?us ?800#, ? voicemail, ?Caller ? ID ?and ?GSM! STEP2 ?: ?Separate ?CONTROL ? and ?DATA ? planes (Commodity ?Hardware) Emergence ?of ?Soft ? Switch ?Technology ? (MGCP, ?MEGACO, ?SIP) ?the ?era ?of ? Convergence 13 ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. 5G ?will ?leverage ?this ?tech ?across ?and ?deeper ?into ?its ? architecture ?and ?business ?models 5G ?requirements ?will ?push ?traditional ?web ?functionality ? (e.g. ??caching?) ?deeper ?into ?both ?the ?network ?& ? wireless ?subsystems ? ? 5G ?? ?infinite ?bandwidth ?but ?it ?may ?deliver ?a ?perception ? of ?it ?through ?integrated ?contextual ?awareness ?of ?needs Network ?Subsystem: ?other ?key ?themes ?of ?today ?that ?will ? continue ?to ?shape ?the ?5G ?world ?of ?tomorrow Deep ?Content ?& ? Information ?Management Contextualization Cloudification & ? Virtualization 14 ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. SDN ?is ?an ?approach ?to ?networking ?in ?which ?routing ?control ?is ? decoupled ?from ?the ?physical ?infrastructure ?enabling ?a ?networking ? fabric ?across ?multi-??vendor ?equipment ? NFV ?moves ?network ?services ?out ?of ?dedicated ?hardware ?devices ? into ?software. ?Functions ?that ?in ?the ?past ?required ?specialized ? hardware ?devices ?can ?now ?be ?performed ?on ?standard ?x86 ?servers 5G ?Emerging ?Technologies ?in ?the ?network ?subsystem Network ?Function ? Virtualization Software ?Defined ? Networking 15 ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. The ?new ?network ?operating ?system. ?Supports ?lifecycle ?management, ?global ? resource ?management, ?validation ?and ?authorization ?of ?new ?requests, ?policy ? management, ?system ?analytics, ?interface ?management Extends ?cloud ?computing ?and ?services ?to ?the ?edge ?of ?the ?network ?and ?into ? devices. ?Similar ?to ?cloud, ?fog ?provides ?network, ? compute, ?storage ?(caching) ? and ?services ?to ?end ?users. ?The ?distinguishing ?feature ?of ?Fog ?reduces ?latency ? & ?improves ?QoS resulting ?in ?a ?superior ?user ?experience ?5G ?may ?not ?deliver ?infinite ?bandwidth ?but ?it ?may ?well ?deliver ?a ?reasonable ? perception ?thereof? ?CN ?includes ?all ?categories ?of ?analytics ?(behavioral, ? predictive, ?etc.) ?& ?cross ?layer ?techniques ?applied ?to ?enable ?the ?more ? efficient ?and ??just ?in ?time? ?use ?network ?capacity ICN ?directly ?routes ?and ?delivers ?named ?pieces ?of ?content ?at ?the ?packet ?level ? of ?the ?network, ?enabling ?automatic ?and ?application-??neutral ?caching ?in ? memory ?wherever ?it?s ?located ?in ?the ?network. ?The ?result? ?Improved ?mobility, ? security, ?privacy, ?resiliency, ?multicast ?support, ?etc. ? 5G ?Emerging ?Technologies ?in ?the ?network ?subsystem Fog ? ?Computing ? Edge ?Computing Contextual ?Networking SDN/NFV ? Orchestration Information ?Centric ? Networking 16 5G ??Wireless ?Subsystem ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved.17 17 Wireless ?Subsystem: ?and ?in ?the ?beginning ?there ?was ?9.6kbps! ? ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. Really ?quite ?amazing ?when ?you ?stop ?and ?think ?about ?it? 2G Narrowband ?Era 3G Broadband ?Era ?(for ?the ?few) 4G ?and ?for ?the ?masses IMT-??2000 IMT-??A 100,000X ?on ? GSM ?Phase ?1 WCDMA HSPA HSPA+ LTE* LTE-??A 2012+ GSM-??EDGE 1990+ 9.6kbps GSM ?Phase 1 UL=118Kbps DL=236Kbps 384Kbps 2Mbps 5.7Mbps 14Mbps 11.5Mbps 42Mbps 50Mbps 150Mbps 500Mbps 1Gbps 0.17-??0.33 (Bit/s/Hz) 0.51 2.88 12.5 16.32 30 200kHz 5MHz 5MHz 5MHz upto20MHz upto100MHz 300ms 250ms ~70ms ~30ms ~10ms ~5ms Peak ?Data ?Rate: Spectral ?Efficiency: Carrier ?Bandwidth: Latency ?(RTT): *LTE ? Category ?4 18 Wireless ?Subsystem: ?the ?spectral ?efficiency ?path 5G ?will ?be ?about ?more ?of ?this: ?more ?MIMO, ?new ?coding ?& ?interference ?reduction ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. 1G 2G 3G 10 1 0.1 0.01 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?10 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?20 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?30 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?40 Eb/No ?[dB] (Note: ?as ?bit ?rate ?rises ?Eb/No ?must ?decrease ?to ?maintain/improve ?SNR) Sp ec tr al ?E ffi cie nc y ? [b it/ s/ Hz ] Shannon ? ?limit Reuse=1 4G 2G 3G 10 1 0.1 0.01 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?10 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?20 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?30 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?40 Eb/No ?[dB] (Note: ?Further ?reductions ?in ?Eb/No ?very ?hard ?as ?theoretical ?limit ?approached) Sp ec tr al ?E ffi cie nc y ? [b it/ s/ Hz ] Shannon ? ?limitLTE ?PEAK ?RATE Historical ? Approach: Reduce ?Eb/No ? through ? fundamental ? generational ? advances Current/Future ? Path ?Forward: Spatial ?multiplexing ? (MIMO), ? interference ? reduction ? and ?better ? coding ?gains Wireless ?Subsystem: ? the ?small ?cell ?path 5G ?will ?be ?about ?more ?of ?this: ? ultra ?dense, ?mmW cells, ?D2D ? communications This ?journey ?has ?a ?few ?more ? stops ?to ?go! ? It ?has ?always ?been ?about ?small ?and ? smaller ?cells ? Todays ?systems ?are ?all ?a ?patchwork ? of ? coverage ?and ?capacity ?cells ?where ? ?capacity? ? is ?delivered ? by ?a heterogeneous ? mix ?of ?small ?cells ? This ?space ?is ?likely ? to ?be ?a ?key ? battleground ? in ?the ?next ?generation ?race ? (remember ?LTE ?versus ?WIMAX, ?place ? your ? bets ?now ?for ?5G) ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. Main ?driver ?of ? capacity ?growth ? last ?50 ?years Microcell Femto Cellular Broadcast Picocell WiFi Nano 25x More ?Spectrum 20x Radio ?Design 2000x Number ?of ?cells Higher ? Frequencies Proximity ? Services Network ? Densification 20 20 Wireless ?Subsystem: ?other ?key ?themes ?of ?today ?that ?will ? continue ?to ?shape ?the ?5G ?world ?of ?tomorrow ?(1 ?of ?2) New ?spectrum ?allocated ?at ?MWC?15 ?<6GHz ?and ?further ? allocations ?planned ?at ?MWC?19 ?in ?high ?frequencies ?(>24GHz) 5G ?will ??build ?in? ?new ?capabilities ?to ?better ?support ?more ? efficient ?usage ?models Energy ?efficiency ?will ?be ?a ?more ?significant ?driver ?in ?5G ?than ? in ?any ?previous ?generation ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. More ?Flexible ? Spectrum Energy ?Efficiency New ?Spectrum ? Allocations 21 Wireless ?Subsystem: ?other ?key ?themes ?of ?today ?that ?will ? continue ?to ?shape ?the ?5G ?world ?of ?tomorrow ?(2 ?of ?2) 5G ?will ?add ?new ?dimensions ? including ?new ?categories ?of ?small ? cells, ?coop ?comms. 5G ?will ?blur ?definitions ?of ?access, ?fronthaul ?& ?backhaul ?delivering ? long ?promised ?wireless ?mesh 5G ?will ?leverage ?this ?tech ?across ?and ?deeper ?into ?its ?architecture ? and ?business ?models ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. Self ?Organization Backhaul ?Flexibility Cloudification Virtualization Heterogeneous ? Networking 5G ?? Radio ?and ?Spectrum ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved.23 2323 5G ?a ?tale ?of ?two ? spectrums: ?Small, ? smaller ?and ?tiny ?cells A ?tale ?of ?two ?integrated ? wireless ?subsystems ? EVO: ?Below ?6GHz ?with ?more ? aggregation ?of ?legacy ?bands, ? better ?coordination, ?and ? greater ?MIMO, ?etc. ? REVO: mmW with ?large ?chunks ?of ? contiguous ?bandwidth, ?dynamic ? meshing, ?massive ?MIMO, ?etc. WRC?15 ? Up ?to ?100 ?MHz ?BW ? FDD/TDD ? Macro ?cells ? Long ?symbol ?duration ? Up ?to ?200 ?MHz ?BW ? FDD/TDD ? Marco/small ?cells ? Long ?symbol ?duration ? Up ?to ?1 ?GHz ?BW ? TDD ?(priority) ? Small ?cells ? Short ?symbol ?duration ? Up ?to ?2 ?GHz ?BW ? TDD ?(priority) ? Small ?cells ? Short ?symbol ?duration Below ?6 ?GHz Above ?6 ?GHz WRC?19 70 ?-?? 80 GHz 60 ?-?? 70 GHz 20 -?? 50 GHz 2300 ?? 6000 MHz 700 ?-?? 2300 MHz 1200 ?MHz ?spectrum (licensed ?& ?Unlicensed; ?Harmonized) ? Up ?to ?5 ?GHz ?spectrum (mostly ?licensed; ?Not ?harmonized) Up ?to ?24 ?GHz ?spectrum ? (mostly ?unlicensed; ?Harmonized) ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. Millimeter ?Wave ?R&D ?Vision ? The ?Technology ?Solution ?for ?5G ?Small ?Cell ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Access ?and ?Backhaul ? Capacity ?growth ?beyond ?what ?emerging ?Small ?Cell ? and ?Spectrum ?Sharing ?solutions ? can ?provide ? 100x ?? 1000x ?growth! ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. Next ? G eNB mmW backhaul mmW access Traditional Cellular ? Link Full ?mmH Architecture 5G ?AccessWireless ?Mesh ?Backhaul B E A D CG 2016 2020 2023 mmW ?Phase ?Array ? ? Radio ?and ?Antenna MAC ?& ?PHY ? Algorithms Earliest ?Commercialization ?Timeline Innovation ? and ?Core ?Technology 25 5G ?Air ?Interface: ?shaping ?the ?new ?four ?letter ?acronym ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. New ?and ?flexible ? spectrum ?usage ? New ?large ?spectrum ?at ? mmW frequencies ? Carrier ?Aggregation ?of ? discontinuous ?bands ? ? Dual ?band ?split ?user ?and ? control ?plane ? Joint ?multi-??RATs ? management ? Cognitive ?techniques ? (Spectrum ?Sensing) Novel ?duplexing ? schemes ? Joint ?TDD-??FDD ?operation ? Dynamic ?TDD ? Single ?channel ?full ? duplexing Advanced ?antenna ?and ? multi-??site ?technologies ? 3D-??beamforming ?and ? MU-??MIMO ? Active ?Antenna ?System ? (AAS) ? Massive ?MIMO ? Network ?MIMO ?(Adv. ? CoMP) Advanced ?waveforms ? and ?multiple ?access ? More ?flexible ?waveforms ? than ?pure ?OFDM ?(e.g. ?F-?? OFDM; ?FBMC; ?etc.) ? Non-??orthogonal ?multiple ? access ? Broader ?set ?of ? modulation ?and ?coding ? schemes ? Advanced ? interference ?coordination ?and ?cancellation ?techniques ? Flexible ?functional ?split ?(virtualization ?/ ?cloudification) ? Flexible ?backhauling ?and ?joint ?optimization ?with ?access 26 5G ?Emerging ?Technologies ?in ?the ?wireless ? subsystem Alternatives ?to ?pure ?OFDM ?such ?as ?F-??OFDM, ? FBMC, ? and ?UW-??OFDM, ? are ? motivated ?for ?flexible ?design ?with ?variable ?numerology ?for ?supporting ?a ? multiplex ?of ?different ?services ?(e.g. ?eMBB, ?uMTC, ?mMTC). The ?use ?of ?a ?very ?large ?number ?of ?antennas ?is ?proposed ?as ?a ?means ?to ? achieve ?very ?high ?throughput ?and ?spectral ?efficiency ?per ?area. ?Both ?co-?? located ?and ?distributed ?architectures ?are ?envisaged, ?with ?co-??located ? massive ?MIMO ?particularly ?appealing ?to ?high ?frequency ?bands ?(thanks ? to ?the ?narrow ?beams ?and ?small ?form ?factor). Millimeter ?Wave ?spectrum ?(20-??80GHz) ?offers ?large ?chunks ? (up ?to ?2GHz) ? of ?contiguous ?bandwidth, ?which ?makes ?it ?suitable ?for ?ultra-??high ? throughput ?and ?low ?latency ?scenarios. ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. Advanced ? MIMO Advanced ? waveforms Millimeter ? Wave ? 27 5G ?Emerging ?Technologies ?in ?the ?wireless ? subsystem Flexible ?duplexing ?such ?as ?joint ?TDD-??FDD, ?dynamic ?TDD, ?and ?potentially ?single ?channel ? full ?duplexing ?are ?key ?tools ?for ?optimizing ?or ?adapting ?the ?spectrum ?sharing ?in ?downlink ? and ?uplink ?in ?accordance ?with ?the ?variable ?traffic ?needs. Carrier ?Aggregation ?of ?discontinuous ?bands ?could ?allow ?wider ?bandwidth ? to ?be ?used ? and ?hence ?significantly ?increase ?the ?system ?capacity. ?This ?technology ?is ?already ?adopted ? in ?LTE-??A, ?though ?extensions ?are ?further ?expected ?in ?5G, ?including ?cognitive ?capabilities ? (e.g. ?spectrum ?sensing, ?database ?access, ?etc.) Flexible ?and ?high ?capacity ?backhaul ?integrating ?multiple ?technologies ?(e.g. ?optical, ? wireless ?including ?mmW) ?is ?necessary ?to ?cope ?with ?the ?technology ?trends ?for ?5G ?radio ? interface. ?Multi-??technology ?resources ?pooling, ?dynamic ?topology ?(re)formation ?(e.g. ? dynamic ?meshing), ?and ?efficient ?context-??aware ?resource ?scheduling ?are ?key ?features. ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved. Carrier ?Aggregation ? of ?discontinuous ? bands Flexible ?duplexing Flexible ?and ?high ? capacity ?backhaul 28 InterDigital ?5G ?Vision Mobile ?World ?Congress ?2016 ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved.29 ICN=Information ? Centric ? Networking, ? SDN=Software ?Defined ?Networking, ? NFV=Network ?Function ? Virtualization, ? D2D=Device ?to ?Device ?Comms InterDigital 5G ?Vision: ?The ?Living ?Network ?Vision ?is ?realized IMMERSIVE ?VIDEO ? TACTILE ?INTERNET M2M ?IOT MISSION ?CRITICAL VIRTUALIZATION ?LAYER NETWORK ?OS ?(ORCHESTRATION ?LAYER) ANALYTICS POLICY CONTENT ?MANAGEMENT MULTI ?TENANCY NEW ? ?ROUTING Enabled ?by ?the ?5G ?programmable ?Infrastructure Driven ?by ?a ?diverse ?array ?of ?5G ?Services Powered ?by ?a ?5G ?virtual ?resource ?pool ? MacroCell ?Resource ?Pool: SmallCell ?Resource ?Pool: Cloud ? RAN ? Processing Remote ? Radios Mobile ?Relays Satellite ? Optical Region ?Cache ? Units Ultra ? Dense Cells ? WiFi ?Evolution mmW ? Hotspots D2D ?Comms Deep ?Edge ? Compute ICN SDN NFV THE ?LIVING ?NETWORK Smart ?TRANSPORT Smart ?ENERGY Smart ?HEALTH Smart ?HOMES Smart ?CITIES Sensors ?+ ?Things: ?Providing ?essential ?driving ?context ?(the ?big ?data!) THE ?LIVING ?NETWORK Core ?Wireless ?Tech. ?? New ?Waveforms ?? Massive ?MIMO ?? Flexible ?Spectrum ?? Multi-??RAT ? Aggregate ?? Mesh ?Networking ?? Novel ? Duplexing ? ?2016 ?InterDigital, ?Inc. ?All ?Rights ?Reserved.30