The Vault

EdgeHaul™ Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul System
Presentation / Apr 2015 / 5G, mmW, small cell, MWC

A closer look at InterDigital's self-organizing millimeter wave Gbps transport system featuring adaptive phased array beam forming technology.

1 EdgeHaul? Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul System Mobile World Congress 2015 ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2 Millimeter Wave Hotspots: Enabling the Path to 5G The Technology Solution for 5G Small Cell Access and Backhaul ? Abundant Millimeter Wave Spectrum can provide fiber-like capacity ? Growth beyond what emerging Small Cell and Spectrum Sharing solutions can provide (100x ? 1000x growth!) ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Next G eNB mmW backhaul mmW access Traditional Cellular Link Full mmH Architecture 5G Access Wireless Mesh Backhaul MWC 2015 B E A D CG 2016 2020 2023 mmW Phase Array Radio and Antenna Earliest Commercialization Timeline 3 EdgeHaul? - Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul INTERDIGITAL, IMEC AND PERASO DEMONSTRATE WORLD?S FIRST WIGIG?-BASED MILLIMETER WAVE MESH BACKHAUL SYSTEM ? Low-cost, high capacity, scalable design for today?s small cell backhaul and future 5G millimeter wave access ? Leverage high volume WiGig baseband ? 60GHz Phased Array with electronic beam steering reduces installation cost and provides interference management ? System-oriented approach to develop future small cell platform ? High throughput over range suitable for urban small cell ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2023 0 200 400 600 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 InterDigital OpenFlow-based Mesh Controller Deployment Tools Gbps M et er s EXPECTED RANGE VS. RATE Results assume QPSK and 16 antennas InterDigital?s EdgeHaul? Platform 4 Network Value Proposition ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. ? LTE 5G Speed (Gbps) ? Latency (<5 ms) ? Unlicensed spectrum ? Low installation cost ? Fully solid state design ? Global 60 GHz band international standard support ? ?Organic? growth adds reliability as mesh grows ? Technology supports full Gbps backhaul requirements 10x Backhaul Performance 5-10x Cost Reduction Scalable Design for 5G Growth 3G 4G 5G 5 50 250 2G <1 3G $/Mbps Delivered 4G 5G 500 50 5 250 2G Backhaul Speed (Typical/Expected) (Mbps) 5 L2/L3 OPERATOR CORE G 5 2 1 3 4 6 Simple self-configuration reduces installation costs ? Directional scanning for discovery and neighbor selection ? Centralized mesh configuration & route determination ? Link failure detection / automatic re-routing ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6 Components of Our Solution ? InterDigital?s Mesh Software ? A Central Controller and Mesh Client that operate on top of a WiGig baseband ? Self-organization of multi-hop topology, low-latency routing, QoS support, and failover management for high reliability ? Pre-Product Platform ? A product-oriented platform with 32-element phased array and WiGig SoC ? Hosts InterDigital Mesh Software to validate product ? System Analysis Toolsets ? OPNET Network Simulation (11ad MAC and InterDigital Mesh) integrated with street level Ray Tracing ? System evaluation under realistic scenarios ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2023 InterDigital?s EdgeHaul? Platform Propagation and Ray Tracing Analysis 7 Mesh Software Functions Carrier-Grade small-cell backhaul providing multi-gigabit throughput over a commercial 802.11ad (WiGig) solution ? Key Features ? Automated Mesh Discovery and Topology Formation ? Rerouting of data based on signal & link quality ? Fail-over to back-up paths (recovery in < 1 msec) ? End-to-end guaranteed QoS with scheduled Committed and Excess Information Rate ? E2E low-latency within Mesh (5msec for CIR; 10msec for EIR) ? Leveraging Standardized Protocols ? OpenFlow signaling ? Carrier Ethernet transport ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2023 802.11ad PHY Host IF 60GHz Phased Array Node Manager and State Machine Configuration Manager Event Manager Link Metrics Scheduling & QoS ManagerRouting Manager Baseband-Host Interface (Adaptation Layer) Mesh Controller Interface (OpenFlow) Ethernet Convergence Layer / Layer 2 Bridge Ethernet Virtual Switch (OVS) Buffer Management Centralized Routing OpenDayLight Neighbor Selection QoS(EIR and CIR Traffic) Network Metrics and Status Mesh Node Mesh Controller Gateway and/or Access Point WiGig BB & RF (Sector 1) 802.11ad PHY Host IF 60GHz Phased Array WiGig BB & RF (Sector N)Ethernet Internet or Private Network 8 5-Node Mesh Test Configuration ? Lab-based development and test system enables rapid feature integration ? Multiple Platform Test Support ? Stand-alone multi-node low-cost development platform (cabled testing) ? Integrated system testing (over-the-air or cabled at baseband) ? Comprehensive regression test suite ? Documentation ? Requirements ? System and Software Architecture ? Test Plan ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2023 Test Controller with GUI Different PBSS Gateway 9 Multi-Level System Analysis Tools FROM DESIGN TO DEPLOYMENT ? Phased Array performance ? 60 GHz Propagation and 3D Ray Tracing ? OPNET-based Mesh Validation and Characterization ? Interference analysis ? Discovery and network formation statistics ? Resource utilization ? Throughput (link and end-to-end) ? Latency (link and end-to-end) ? Queuing statistics at MAC and mesh levels ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2023 10 EdgeHaul? Millimeter Wave Backhaul Platform ? Low-cost, high capacity, scalable design for today?s Small Cell Backhaul and future 5G millimeter wave access ? 32 element phased array antenna ? Four 2GHz wide channels ? 60GHz unlicensed band ? High resolution beam forming ? Mesh Backhaul Unit ? 802.11ad SoC PHY/MAC (Peraso) ? CPU interfaces to the external host (2 GigE) ? Sector interface to host over USB3.0 ? Power-over-Ethernet ? Up to 4 sectors ? Enclosure with industrial design oriented toward product trials ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2023 Millimeter Wave Hotspot Mesh Node 1111 MWC2015 EdgeHaul? Live Over-the-air Demo ? WiGi based Millimeter Wave Backhaul pre-production model ? High speed 802.11ad link ? Optimized for long range discovery and association ? Three sectors, 270? coverage ? Powered over Ethernet ? ARM A8 @1GHz running Mesh SW ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. WiGig Link @ 1.25Gbps Node 1 Node 2 UDP Video over Ethernet 4K Video Up to 700Mbps @ Application Layer 12 A Collaboration Built on Expertise ? Pioneer in digital wireless communications ? Over 40 years of air interface system developments covering all major cellular technologies (WCDMA, HSPA, LTE, etc.) ? World-leading research in nanoelectronics, pioneering low power design solutions for wireless communication ? 4 generations of 60GHz ICs and modules ? A fabless semiconductor company specializing in the development of 60 GHz wireless chip sets ? Developer of WiGig baseband SoC for CE and small cell backhaul applications ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Peraso PRS4000 WiGig SoC imec-InterDigital Backhaul module with integrated phased array InterDigital mmWave Backhaul Prototype 13 EdgeHaul? Reference Platform ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14 Mesh Software ? Signaling and Data Planes ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. ? OpenDaylight SDN Controller is hosted in the Cloud ? Mesh SW interfaces with the Controller for network discovery and topology control ? Virtual Switch frame forwarding flow tables are programmed via the OpenFlow protocol ? Sector interfaces and access port are connected through a virtual bridge CLOUD Mesh Node Mesh Processor Mesh SWNode Manager Frame forwarding flow tables Virtual Switch (OVS) bridge BB Host IF Access IF 802.11ad Sector 1 802.11ad Sector N 2X Gig ETH Open Daylight SDN Controller Datapath to/from access port Datapath to/from other nodesMesh Control signaling OpenFlow signaling Control plane Data plane 15 Mesh Software ? OpenDaylight SDN Controller ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. ? Mesh Controller functions hosted by the OpenDaylight SDN Controller ? Provides flexible Mesh Topology management and the ability to adapt the network to user requirements ? Standardized OpenFlow protocol used to program each Mesh node with frame forwarding flow rules ? Mesh Control Plane signaling implements the network discovery and topology control with the Mesh nodes ? Northbound APIs allows the integration of network monitoring and control applications user interfaces Network applications, orchestration, and services with northbound interfaces OpenDaylight APIs (REST) OpenFlow Network applications, orchestration, and services Controller platform Service Abstraction Layer (SAL) IDCC Mesh Control interface Southbound interfaces & protocols IDCC Mesh Controller functions Network service functions Open Daylight 16 Mesh Software ? Test Controller GUI ? Easy to use interface to create custom test configurations and scenarios ? Manual or Auto-run test scripts with self checking capability ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2023 Status screen allows for view state and messages to/from each node Screen to add network events Circles represent mesh nodes Lines show connectivity Shows real-time statistics to monitor network traffic Indication of various system configuration messages Gateway node in Green EdgeHaul??Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul System??Mobile World Congress 2015? Millimeter Wave Hotspots: Enabling the Path to 5G EdgeHaul? - Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul?InterDigital, imec and Peraso Demonstrate World?s First WiGig?-based Millimeter Wave Mesh Backhaul System? Network Value Proposition Slide Number 5 Components of Our Solution Mesh Software Functions 5-Node Mesh Test Configuration Multi-Level System Analysis Tools?FROM DESIGN TO DEPLOYMENT? EdgeHaul? Millimeter Wave Backhaul Platform Slide Number 11 A Collaboration Built on Expertise EdgeHaul? ?Reference Platform Mesh Software ? Signaling and Data Planes Mesh Software ? OpenDaylight SDN Controller Mesh Software ? Test Controller GUI