The Vault

MWC17: 5G Vision
Presentation / Mar 2017 / IDmwc17, 5g

InterDigital's Mobile World Congress 2017 presentation on 5G Vision.

? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5G Vision 5G: The Most Diverse in Any Generation! ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2 4G purposed mainly for VIDEO? 5G purposed for eMBB, mMTC, and URLLCIMT-2020 Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) ? Peak data rates: 20 Gbps (DL) and 10 Gbps (UL) ? Peak spectral efficiency: 30bps/Hz (DL) and 15bps/Hz (UL) ? 4 ms user plane latency ? Indoor/hotspot and enhanced wide- area coverage Massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC) ? Low data rates (1 to 100 kbps) ? High device density (up to 1,000,000/km2) ? Latency: seconds to hours ? Low power: up to 15 years battery life Ultra-Reliable and Low Latency Communications (URLLC) ? Low to medium data rates (50 kbps to 10 Mbps) ? 0.5 ms user plane latency ? 99.999% reliability and availability within 1 ms ? High mobilitySource: ITU-R SG5 WP-5D 2 5G Roadmap: With Key International Event Drivers ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 Winter Olympics: Korea Summer Olympics: Japan FIFA World Cup: Qatar WRC-15 InterDigital Vision 2020, Creating the Living Network, 5G? Rel 12 Rel 13 Rel 14 Rel 15 Rel 16 WRC-19 High Efficiency (HE) Wi-Fi 802.11ax Standard (<6GHz) 802.11ay Standard (mmWave) WiGig 3.0 5G research, prototyping, trials (5GPPP, 5G Forum, etc.) 5G PRODUCTS & DEPLOYMENT START! LTE Advanced Pro and NB-IoT standardization continues? 5G New Radio(s) Studies 5G Phase 1 5G Phase 2 Vision Requirements Proposals Evaluation Specification 3 InterDigital?s 5G Focus Areas ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. q5G LTE (includes NB-IoT) q5G NR (New Radio) qWi-Fi qFixed Wireless Access qMillimeter Wave qSpectrum Sharing (LAA, CBRS, etc.) q5G Core Network qFronthaul, Backhaul and Crosshaul q Information Centric Networking (ICN) qMobile Edge Computing qCloud RAN qSmall Cells / Densification Services and Applications qVideo (360, VR, etc.) qSecurity qSensors q IoT Analytics qAutonomous Vehicles qEdge Applications Network InfrastructureRadio Access Network 4 How Different Will 5G Be? Uses Cases & Services Voice + SMS Voice + Small Data Mobile Broadband Enhanced Mobile Broadband Massive Machine Type Communications Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Communications Spectrum 200 KHz Channels Below 2 GHz 5 MHz Channels Below 3.6 GHz Up to 20 MHz Channels Below 3.8 GHz Up to 1 GHz Channels Below 100 GHz Radio Technology GSM/GPRS (Single Technology) UMTS/HSPA (Single Technology) LTE/LTE-A (Single Technology) Multiple Radio Access Technologies Integrated in a 5G Network 5G New Radio, 5G LTE, MultiFire, Wi-Fi? Network Technology Macro Cells Macro and Small Cells Heterogeneous Macro and Small Cells Challenging Traditional Cell and Network Concepts: Small Cells, Mobile Edge Computing, Cloudification, Network Slicing? ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2G 4G 5G3G 5 5G: A Multi-Layer Radio Network ? New Radio (NR): new, non-backwards compatible air interface ? Radio layers could be deployed as ?standalone? or using multi-connectivity framework ? Radio layers can be deployed based on individual operator roll out plans for 5G networks (i.e. 2025+) envisioned to include all radio layers working together ? LTE and NB-IoT expected to evolve as a components within 5G networks ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Non-3GPP Radio Access (e.g. Wi-Fi) New Radio (NR) @ 70 GHz New Radio (NR) @ 30 GHz Narrow-Band IoT 5G will be designed with native support for connectivity across multiple radio layers NR: Common design framework while allowing for spectrum and/or use case specific design aspects New Radio (NR) < 6 GHz Indoor Hotspot (20m ISD) Dense Urban Urban Macro Rural (2km ISD) LTE Advanced Pro 6 5G New Radio (NR): Whole New System Design 3GPP designing new non-backwards compatible air interface and radio network architecture for 5G NR Air InterfaceNR User Device NR Radio Access Network Physical Layer Design ? Waveform, channel coding, modulation, massive MIMO, beamforming, single/multi-user MIMO, non-orthogonal multiple access? ? Exploiting new spectrum: mmWave, unlicensed/shared spectrum... ? New frame structure, duplexing, control and data channel design, power control? L2/L3 User and Control Plane Architecture and Protocols ? Initial access and system information broadcast (e.g. on-demand system information) ? UE mobility (e.g. beam centric mobility, UE centric mobility) ? Protocol function split across network nodes *Transmission/Reception Point Radio Access Network Architecture ? Centralized/Cloud RAN architecture ? Fronthaul protocol split and design ? Tight interworking with LTE 7 ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. TRP* ? Expect tighter integration in the 5G era - Heterogeneous networking via 3GPP standards - 5G activities in IEEE ? IEEE 802.11 is the de facto Wireless LAN Standard ? Wi-Fi Alliance certifies devices ? Network management system needed for good performance 802.11 2 Mbps @ 2.4 GHz 802.11b 11 Mbps @ 2.4 GHz 802.11a 54 Mbps @ 5 GHz 802.11g 54 Mbps @ 2.4 GHz 802.11n 600 Mbps @ 2.4/5 GHz 802.11ac 6933 Mbps @ 5 GHz 1990 20162009 Wi-Fi is a key part of 5G ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Wi-Fi is the most heavily used data service and is in nearly every mobile device 802.11ad 6757 Mbps @60 GHz 8 802.11ax 802.11ay Th e In te rn et P ro to co l ? Ru bi co n? 5G Network Infrastructure Evolution 5G will be about deeper virtualization, broader usage of SDN First wave of virtualization and the second the third & not last NFV : Separate service logic from HW Platform SDN: Separate control and data planes Emergence of NFV and SDN Technology NFV=Network Function Virtualization, SDN=Software Defined Networking Circuit Switching All IP Break up of Bell system in USA 1982 Mid ?80s Mid ?90s+ Mid/Late ?00s+ Emergence of Intelligent Networking (SS#7/AIN) STEP1 : Separate service logic from switching Infrastructure ?giving us 800#, voicemail, Caller ID and GSM! STEP2 : Separate control and data planes (Commodity Hardware) Emergence of Soft Switch Technology (MGCP, MEGACO, SIP) ?the era of Convergence ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 9 5G Core Network: Gluing 4G, 4G Evolution & 5G ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. NG 4G Network 5G Network LTE Base Station 4G + 5G LTE Advanced Pro Base Station 5G system should allow for independent evolution and flexible deployment of RAN and Core Network S1 S1 4G Core Network Network Function Virtualization ? Allows flexibility to locate functions when and where you need them, on general purpose hardware Network Slicing ? Segmentation of resources to form a different logical CN per service (e.g., IoT, eMBB) ? Allows dynamic scaling of resources based on service type needs Service Capability Exposure ? Allowing 3rd party service/application providers access to information and service customization *Transmission/Reception Point MME SGW HSS PGW 5G Core Network Slice #3 (URLLC) Slice #2 (IoT) Slice #1 (eMBB) Common Control Plane Functions New Radio RAN NR TRP* RAN Split into DU and CU NG 5G RAN 10 Internet Integrated 5G transport networks - Crosshaul ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Processing cloud Core Backhaul (BH) Fronthaul (FH) CPRI CPRI CPRI Point-to-point network Processing cloud Crosshaul: Integrated FH/BH Packet-based network 11 Core ? Today?s C-RAN mobile transport network will not scale to support additional spectrum and antennas ? Separated fronthaul and backhaul management adds complexity and cost ? C-RAN functional splits are fixed and static ? An integrated fronthaul/backhaul (Crosshaul) will support diverse 5G traffic types ? Unified management built on SDN frameworks ? Wireless and wired transport for dense network edge connections, with path diversity for high reliability Service Evolution to the Living Network 5G systems will deliver next level of experience and enable new business models ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Wave 1 (Voice) Wave 2 (Visual) 5G: The Living Network New services, new business models Glory days of GSM Integrated telephony applications IMS promises Walled garden worries! Rise of the OTT A new status quo Rise of the mobile internet The video experience The living experience 12 Emerging 5G Services and Applications ? 2017 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Autonomous vehicles that leverage one-hop-away edge computing service, and ultra-reliable radio network solutions Immersive video experiences that create a personalized virtual reality experience based on localized content IoT devices that are massively interconnected to change the way we collect information and interact with things 13