The Vault

5G Standardization
Presentation / Mar 2015 / 5G, MWC, oneM2M, IETF, IEEE, HEVC

This 2015 Mobile World Congress presentation addresses the key players and roadmaps for 5G standardization.

1 5G Standardization Mobile World Congress 2015 ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2 5G Standardization Roadmap ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2G (1990s) Digital Voice 3G (2000s) Broadband Data 4G (2010s) Widespread Broadband 5G ?The Living Network? (2020s) Ultra Broadband Era and IoT Era 1G (1980s) Analog Voice 5G Services 5G Network Architecture 5G Air Interface 5G Spectrum M2M, V2X, Explosion of Video, Proximity and Context Awareness, Tactile Internet, Public Safety, ? Device-centric and D2D, Dense and Layered Architecture, NFV and Cloud RAN, SON, ? Massive MIMO, Advanced Waveforms, NOMA, Full Duplex, ? Flexible and Dynamic Spectrum Sharing, New Spectrum for Access and Backhaul, mmWave, ? 3 5G Standards Incubation Numerous industry forums and research projects working today to feed 5G standardization tomorrow 5G Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) Alliance ? Developing end to end operator requirements to satisfy the needs of customers and markets in 2020+ Small Cell Forum ? Study Groups exploring Wi-Fi Integration, Virtualization, SON and more for dense small cell deployments ETSI Industry Specification Groups (ISGs) ? Organized around a set of ETSI work items each addressing a specific technology area (e.g. millimeter Wave Transmission (mWT), Mobile-Edge Computing (MEC) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV) Open Network Foundation (ONF) ? Technical communities analyzing Software- Defined-Networking (SDN) requirements, evolving the OpenFlow Standard to address the needs of commercial deployments, and researching new standards to expand SDN benefits Open Daylight ? Collaborative open source project looking to accelerate the adoption of software-defined networking (SDN) and create a solid foundation for Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) Large Scale Industry-Academic Research Projects ? METIS-2020, 5GPPP, 5G Forum, and many more? ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4 ITU Regulation: Setting the Stage for 5G User experienced data rate Peak data rate Mobility Latency Connection density Energy efficiency Spectrum efficiency Are Traffic Capacity [100 Mbit/s ? 1 Gbit/s] [20 Gbit/s] 500km/h 1ms (radio interface) 10 6 per km2 100 times IMT-Advanced [2,3,5 times IMT-Advanced] 10 Mbps/m2 ? The mobile community is working towards defining objectives for IMT-2020 ? Key capabilities have been identified and may continue to evolve in the future ? Additional spectrum expected be identified for IMT at World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC) in 2015 ? More than 500 MHz of additional spectrum could be identified for IMT below 6 GHz ? Low band (<1 GHz) for macro coverage ? Mid-to-high band (1-3 GHz) for macro/micro coverage ? High band (3-6 GHz) for micro/pico/hotspots Spectrum outlook for 2020 and beyond: ? Potential Agenda Item for spectrum above 6 GHz to be considered at WRC 2019 ? Additional Spectrum below 6 GHz could be also be considered Identifying Additional Spectrum for 5G Identifying Capabilities for 5G WRC 2015 WRC 2019 ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5 3GPP: Standardization Timeline Well positioned to drive the definition of next generation wireless communication standards Release 14 Release 15 LTE/LTE-A is fastest developing mobile technology* ? 360 LTE networks commercially launched ? 373 million LTE subscriptions globally *Based on GSA Mobile Broadband Report January 2015 LTE R12-R13 Early study of 5G building blocks (e.g., D2D, 3D-MIMO, Small Cells, ...) 5G in 3GPP LTE Evolution (<6 GHz) + New Air Interface (>6 GHz) ? Initial Study Items targeting 5G features expected to start in R14 timeframe 2019 20202014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Release 12 Release 13 Release 16 ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6 3GPP: 5G LTE Evolution (<6 GHz) Licensed-Assisted Access (LAA) LTE Utilizing LTE in unlicensed spectrum Use of 2D Antenna Arrays to enable 3D MIMO System enhancements for M2M Radio-level LTE-WiFi Integration Device-to-Device discovery and communication V2X for safety and traffic management Multiple-layers of connectivity across Macro and Small Cells Macro Layer LTE Small Cell Layer LTE 5GHzLTE Wi-Fi ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 7 5G Emerging Technologies in the network subsystem New air interface design above 6 GHz ? New non-backwards compatible air interface designs in cmWave and mmWave spectrum ? Tight integration of backhaul and access, along with LTE for macro-layer connectivity ? Potential Air Interface techniques ? Spectrally agile Advanced Waveforms ? Advanced spatial processing techniques, e.g. Massive MIMO, CoMP and more ? Exploiting advanced receivers through Non- Orthogonal Multiple Access ? Full duplex single channel communications to increase bandwidth efficiency ? ?Ultra-light? protocol design for latency reduction and ?always-on? connectivity ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Next G eNB mmW backhaul mmW access Traditional Cellular Link 8 Wi-Fi: Standardization Timeline Expecting Wi-Fi to continue evolving as a key radio technology within 5G networks 2019 20202014 2015 2016 2017 2018 802.11ah ? Sub 1 GHz 802.11ai ? Fast Initial Link Setup 802.11aj ? China mmWave 802.11aq ? Pre-Association Discovery 802.11ak ? General Link 802.11ax ? High Efficiency Wi-Fi Next Generation 60 GHz 5G Carrier Grade Wi-Fi to enable expanded Wi-Fi usage ? Higher air interface efficiency to support larger number of users ? Stable ?cellular-like? experience ? Support for robust and dynamic deployments ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 9 Wi-Fi: 5G Feature Highlights (1/2) 802.11ax ? High Efficiency WLAN ? Successor to 802.11ac targeting at least four times improvement in the average throughput per station in dense deployment scenarios ? Significant improvement of spectral efficiency with a high density of STAs ? Focusing on frequency bands between 1 GHz and 6 GHz ? Potential enhancements include: ? Introduction of OFDMA to 802.11 ? MIMO extensions to OFDMA ? Introduction of access control to 802.11 ? UL multi-user MIMO ? Fractional CSMA and Enhanced Power Control ? Backward compatibility and coexistence ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. PROBLEM SOLUTION Data ACK Data ACK G-RTS Data G-RTS G-RTS G-RTS G-CTS G-CTS G-CTS Data Data Data Data G- ACK G-CTS G-CTS G-CTS G-CTS G-ACK G- ACK G- ACK Data Idle frequency bands G- ACK G- ACK SIFS SIFS SIFS SIFS SIFS SIFS Data ACK Pad Pad STA1 STA2 STA3 STA4 AP DL Transmission to multiple Users Coordinated uplink transmission from multiple users Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel 3 Channel 4 Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel 3 Channel 4 10 Wi-Fi: 5G Feature Highlights (2/2) Next Generation mmWave WLAN (NG60) ? Evolving existing 802.11ad interface towards 30+ Gbps ? Target use cases: ? Wireless ?Cable? replacement ? Connector-free platform extension ? Multi-Gigabit cloud ? HD video ? D2D collaboration ? Mobile traffic offload ? Wireless Backhaul ? High-speed data download ? Potential enhancements: ? SU/MIMO (2x2): Closed and Open loop ? Channel Bonding ? New Modulations formats (e.g. 64 QAM) ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 11 IETF: Standardization Timeline Multiple IETF Working Groups defining building blocks for future 5G networks 2019 20202014 2015 2016 2017 2018 6LowPAN EMAN ROLL CoRE (CoAP) 6TiSCH OPSAWG FORCES CDNI NVO3 DMM ICNRG SDNRG NFVRG RTCweb HTTPAuth ACE SCAM Future Security WG Internet of Things (IoT) Working Groups Cloud/Virtualization Working Groups Security Working Groups RTCweb Working Group ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 12 IETF: 5G Feature Highlights Numerous industry forums and research projects working today to feed 5G standardization tomorrow Internet of Things (IoT) ? Multiple WGs covering L2/L3 framing, IP routing, applications protocols (CoAP, 6tisch), network and energy management (e.g. OPSAWG, EMAN) Cloud/Virtualization ? Need for standardization broadly recognized within IETF in spite of numerous proprietary deployments today ? Current IETF activities include Internet Data Center virtualization (NVO3)and SDN (FORCES, DMM) ? Smarter content management and localization protocols will allow higher amounts of information and reduced network latency to access them (e.g. ICN, CDNI) RTCweb ? Browser to browser interactive rich communication using audio, video, collaboration, games, etc. between web browsers of two or more peers ? Real-time communications in web browsers (RTCweb) ? Additional parallel application API standardization work underway in W3C Security ? Strongly motivated by reporting of widespread (pervasive) surveillance on the Internet ? Previous IETF security solutions were more local and or point-to-point ? Work recently started with more still to come (HTTPAuth, ACE, SACM) ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 13 Video: Standardization Timeline Video traffic volume continues to explode along with the need for enhanced visual quality 2019 20202014 2015 2016 2017 2018 HEVC Version 2 HEVC Version 3 Next Generation Video CodingRequirements HEVC Standards Series ? Compared to H.264/AVC, coding performance more than doubled ? Rich set of features and capabilities: format range extension, scalability extension, multi- view/3D extension, screen content coding extension Future Video Coding Standard ? Performance expected to be improved by another factor of 2 over HEVC ? High coding efficiency for emerging video format: 4K & 8K resolution, HDR, WCG, HFR, etc. ? Inherent scalability provides support for heterogeneous client devices, as well as robust transmission over mobile networks ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14 Video: 5G Feature Highlights (1/2) ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Video 2020 ? 2x compression efficiency, esp. for the emerging formats ? User generated content, video streaming, video sharing, surveillance, etc. ? Desirable features: scalability, low power consumption, etc. 8K 120Hz 4K 60/120Hz HD 60Hz SD Increased spatial resolution and temporal frame rate are continuing trend of ?more pixels? Higher bit depth, high dynamic range, and wider color gamut are domains for ?better pixels? More Pixels Better Pixels Wide Color Gamut Bit Depth Bandwidth increase Perceptual benefit HighLow Low High 4K resolution High Frame Rate High Dynamic Range 15 Video: 5G Feature Highlights (2/2) ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Video sharing, YouTube, social network Netflix, Amazon, iTunes, Hulu Plus Broadcasting, Cable User generated content Professional content Traditional distribution OTT distribution TV shows, movies, sports events Cloud Computing 16 oneM2M: Standardization Timeline Enabling IoT devices, applications, and services to utilize a common platform 2019 20202014 2015 2016 2017 2018 oneM2M 1st Global Service Layer technology ? 7 SDOs ? ARIB, ATIS, CCSA, ETSI, TIA, TTA, & TTC ? 4 Vertical partners & growing ? BBF, Continua Alliance, HGI, & OMA ? Interworking with existing technologies & alliances oneM2M R1 & R2 Features ? Wide-Scale Deployment Enhancements ? Security ? Application Enablement ? Big Data Enablement ? Testing & Interoperability ? Interworking oneM2M R1 oneM2M R2 Next Generation Service Layer Requirements One M2M Future Standardization ? Projecting oneM2M industry consensus for IoT starting during Release 2 timeframe ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. oneM2M: 5G Feature Highlights (1/2) ? A common set of service layer capabilities ? Access independent view of end-to-end services ? Open/standard interfaces, APIs and protocols ? Security, privacy and charging aspects ? Reachability and discovery of applications ? Interoperability, including test and conformance specifications ? Identification and naming of devices and applications ? Management aspects (including remote management of entities) *Based on oneM2M standards ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 18 oneM2M: 5G Feature Highlights (2/2) Future oneM2M features enabling IoT deployment in 5G networks oneM2M Interworking ? Enhance 3GPP interworking ? AllSeen ? OIC ? IIC Application Enablement ? App APIs ? App development guide ? Service profiling Testing and Interoperability ? Test specifications ? Certification (external) Big Data Enablement ? Semantics support and use cases ? Analytics Wide-Scale Deployment Enhancements ? Home Domain Enablement ? API versioning ? Plug and play scenarios ? Lessons learned from prototypes Security ? E2E security ? Group authentication ? Role based security *Based on oneM2M standards ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 19 Involvement of key 5G verticals in standardization process ? New participants can play a key role in shaping 5G standards (e.g. emergence of Public Safety stakeholders in 3GPP) New Challenges Ahead for 5G Standardization ? Complexity of emerging users and usage scenarios ? Evolving from single-purpose wireless system (mobile broadband) to a broader range of use cases and requirements (e.g. breadth IoT service and device types) ? Need for scalable service experience anytime and anywhere at a lower cost Multiple Standards Organizations expected to define key building blocks for 5G ? Focus on coexistence, integration and harmonization across standards that complement each other to provide the ultimate 5G experience ? Leverage and enhance existing technologies toward 5G requirements (e.g. LTE evolution) to complement new technologies (e.g. new radio access technology) ? Different standards and/or technologies may be required to address different 5G use cases and requirements ? Avoid ?one standard fits all? approach ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5G Standardization Challenges and Opportunities InterDigital: Proven Standards Leadership Well positioned for strong contributions to the design of 5G across multiple Standards Organizations Proven InterDigital Standards Leadership Highlights Thousands of InterDigital contributions to various standards organizations over the years helping shape 3G, 4G and soon 5G 3GPP RAN WG2 Vice Chair (since 2013)Current OMA Board of Directors/ Board Officer (since 2013) ITU-R WP 5D - US Spokesperson for Technology (since 2013) 3GPP RAN WG3 Vice Chair (2001-09)Past Board of Directors Small Cell Forum (2009-10) 802.21 WG vice-chair (2010-12) And more? And more? Development of standards-grade simulation platforms to validate 5G candidate technologies Available for 3GPP, Wi-Fi, and many advanced concepts ? 2015 InterDigital, Inc. All Rights Reserved. ?5G Standardization?Mobile World Congress 2015? 5G Standardization Roadmap 5G Standards Incubation ITU Regulation: Setting the Stage for 5G 3GPP: Standardization Timeline 3GPP: 5G LTE Evolution (<6 GHz) 5G Emerging Technologies in the network subsystem Wi-Fi: Standardization Timeline Wi-Fi: 5G Feature Highlights (1/2) Wi-Fi: 5G Feature Highlights (2/2) IETF: Standardization Timeline IETF: 5G Feature Highlights Video: Standardization Timeline Video: 5G Feature Highlights (1/2) Video: 5G Feature Highlights (2/2) oneM2M: Standardization Timeline oneM2M: 5G Feature Highlights (1/2) oneM2M: 5G Feature Highlights (2/2) Slide Number 19 InterDigital: Proven Standards Leadership